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AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT

"The Access Guide," created by the Program on Employment and Disability at Cornell University, is aimed at employers and "offers detailed information and hands-on examples of how to make workplaces accessible to everyone, including individuals with hearing- and vision-related disabilities." The "Workplace Tools and Tips" are concrete and useful.

Accessible Society Action Project is an excellent source of current news about disabilities, particularly legal scholarship, litigation and court decisions.

ADA Access Now is a Florida advocacy organization that in 2002 filed suit against two airlines, claiming that their web sites are inacessible, and therefore in violation of the Americans With Disabilities Act. Both suits were unsuccessful.

"ADA Constitutionality Challenged Again," a brief report by Protection and Advocacy Systems, provides links to studies of the latest challenges to the constitutionality of Title II of the ADA.

ADA Information Center On-Line: much material about ADA, as well as wide coverage of disability topics in general: adaptive computer equipment, disability-specific links, local Kansas agencies and issues.

ADA Technical Assistance Program "is a federally funded network of grantees which provides information, training, and technical assistance to businesses and agencies with duties and responsibilities under the ADA and to people with disabilities with rights under the ADA."
Great Lakes ADA & IT Center serves Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and WISCONSIN.

ADA Wisconsin Partnership: Promoting Implementation of the ADA: its mission is "to steer Wisconsin communities toward full implementation of the ADA through education, training, public information, technical assistance and public policy development.

Americans with Disabilities Act Document Center: laws, regulations, enforcement guidelines, frequently asked questions, technical assistance manuals, procedures for filing claims, legal treatises.

The Census Bureau collects statistics on disabilities. "Americans with Disabilities: 1994-95"
For an ASCII version:
For an index of available reports, go to "Disability Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)."
Data for states and counties is available, but estimates are based on the 1990 census: "1990 Census Data for States, Metropolitan Areas, and Counties and Model-Based Estimates of the Prevalence of Specific Disabilities for States and Counties." A word of caution: some of the downloadable files are several megabytes in size.

Center for Information Technology Accommodation (CITA), United States General Services: its mission is to advance technologies and policies which enhance access to electronic information for persons with disabilities, especially those employed by the federal government.

The Council for Disability Rights has news of laws and court cases, as well as practical information for people with disabilities.

Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund, Inc. engages in education, training, technical assistance, law and policy reform, advocacy and litigation in order to advance civil rights for people with disabilities. They also operate an ADA Technical Assistance Hot Line for advice on Titles II and III of the ADA. Phone: 1-800-466-4232 (voice/TDD).

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: texts of the laws it enforces, including title I of the ADA, additional ADA information, EEOC regulations and technical guidance to both employers and disabled people. The Commission also has an advice hotline for information about disability claims under the ADA:
Phone: 800-669-4000
TDD: 800-669-6820.

Federal Communications Commission, Disabilities Issues Task Force: oversees enforcement of Title IV of the ADA and the accessibility provisions of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Task Force web site has links to the disability and accessibility issues under the jurisdiction of the FCC, including described video, web site accessibility and universal service. http://www.fcc.gov/cib/dro/

Great Lakes ADA & IT Center: part of a national network set up to provide guidance on the application of the ADA; it offers training, technical assistance, material dissemination and a referral network; it also publishes "Region V News," which highlights legal developments, news and recently available resources (issues are available online).

The International Center for Disability Information at the West Virginia Research and Training Center maintains an extensive set of statistical tables on a variety of disabilities.

The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) is an international toll-free consulting service that provides information about job accommodations and the employability of people with disabilities. JAN also provides information regarding the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). They have an extensive set of links to other resources; click on "Points of Interest" on their home page.
Phone: 1-800-342-5526.

The Legal Information Institute of the Cornell Law School: here you can search Supreme Court decisions from 1990 on, decisions of the Circuit Courts of Appeal, the United States Code and the Code of Federal Regulations.

The National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control has a great deal of information available, derived from National Health Interview Survey on Disability (NHIS-D); many of the reports are available only in PDF format. It also has many links to other sources of disability statistics in more easily accessible formats.

The National Council on Disability has undertaken a major initiative, "Righting the ADA," in response to a series of Supreme Court decisions drastically narrowing the scope of the Americans With Disabilities Act. An "Introductory Paper" provides an overview of the initiative, identifies reasons NCD has found it necessary to undertake it, and outlines the types of topics to be addressed in the series of papers NCD will issue. NCD will pursue two principal objectives: (1) to document and explain the problems created by the Supreme Court's ADA decisions; and (2) to develop legislative proposals for addressing those problems that appear appropriate for legislative correction.

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research publishes "Chartbook on Work and Disability in the United States, 1998" and "Chartbook on Disability in the United States, 1996," both of which are available online and for downloading in PDF format. The Institute also maintains a list of other sources of statistics on disabilities.

Office of Disability Employment Policy of the Department of Labor (formerly the President's Committee for Employment of People with Disabilities); includes links to employers who "have indicated interest in recruiting and hiring qualified individuals with disabilities for open positions within their company or organization."

Project ACTION (Accessible Community Transportation In Our Nation) promotes cooperation between the disability community and transportation providers by funding education, demonstration projects and technical assistance projects. They also have an Accessible Traveler's Database.
Phone: 1-800-659-6428

Social Security Disability Program: information, downloadable manuals and forms from the official site of the Social Security Administration.

United States Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) "is the federal agency which develops minimum guidelines and requirements for standards issued under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA), develops accessibility guidelines for telecommunications equipment and customer premises equipment under the Telecommunications Act, develops accessibility standards for electronic and information technology under section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, provides technical assistance on those guidelines and standards, and enforces the Architectural Barriers Act."

United States Department of Justice: ADA Home Page: texts of laws, regulations, technical assistance manuals, settlement agreements, extensive quarterly status reports; form-based search engine.
Toll-Free ADA Information Line: Call to obtain answers to general and technical questions about the ADA and to order technical assistance materials:
Phone: 1-800-514-0301 (voice)
Phone: 1-800-514-0383 (TDD).

United States Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Civil Rights: texts of laws and regulations; toll-free assistance line; FTA ADA Newsletter is online but only one issue has appeared. The ADA Regulations of the United States Department of Transportation are available online. The Regulations cover, among other things, vehicles and facilities.

Cynthia D. Waddell shows the application of disability-rights law in her presentation "The Growing Digital Divide in Access for People with Disabilities: Overcoming Barriers to Participation in the Digital Economy" [1999].

Elga Joffee. "A Practical Guide to the ADA and Visual Impairment." New York: AFB Press, 1999. 180pp. $39.95.

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